Join us for a creative skills building retreat in Rossland, BC, Canada July 11-12th, 2019. Boost your ability to engage beyond words, help groups see the bigger picture and make meetings more interesting! More information is here!
Tag Archives: complexity
I have recently joined an interesting project to establish a South Asia Urban Knowledge Hub (funded by the Asian Development Bank). I will have the opportunity to work with research institutes in Nepal, India, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka (to start) on sustainable development issues in the urban sector. My role as knowledge management specialist is to build capacity of the researchers to undertake outcome focused research for policy influencing. I am tasked with creating a template to help the researchers develop policy influencing strategies, improve technical writing skills for policy briefs, provide a 2-day training workshop and will also act as a mentor on an ongoing basis for two years. For anyone who knows me, this sounds like a dream!
In some ways, it is a dream and in other ways, I have gone down a rabbit hole of jargon that is giving me nightmares.
As I consider the assessment I need to undertake as a first step, I cannot imagine asking people about their familiarity or confidence level in using tools like: problem trees, objective tress, force field analysis, stakeholder maps, SWOT, theory of change, the RAPID framework, alignment/interest/influence matrix, outcome mapping, advocacy strategy, communications strategy, etc etc etc. Don’t you feel overwhelmed just reading the list of available and suggested tools? I do.
This is forcing me to really take a step back and figure out what I need to know from the participants beforehand in order to design a good training and what is the best way to get the information from them (this is before I even start doing the real work!).
While originally I thought a simple online survey would work, I have decided that this is not the best tool given many people may not use the same terms for undertaking analytical tasks. My simple assessment could get wordy and complicated. Moreover, if I leave the online survey open-ended, I won’t have the opportunity to really understand the responses provided without proper follow-up. This leads me to the idea of conducting group interviews with each centre. This way, I can probe into the questions I ask with the group from each centre and build on the conversation as it evolves. I believe I will gain a better understanding of the types of methods they have used (or not used) previously.
I have already had one introductory Skype meeting with each centre so this is also a nice way to build our relationship given I am going to be working with them for the next two years.
Sooooo…given I want to learn about what experience (or lack of experience) the centres have with undertaking outcome oriented research for policy influencing these are the questions I’m considering using to guide my interviews. The results need to inform the design of a template for policy influencing as well as a 2-day training for the centres. I would love your feedback as its still in draft form. Or maybe you work in this area and have other bits of advice for me? If so, thanks for sharing!
1. Please share an example or two of research you undertook in the past specifically with the purpose of changing policy:
- How was the research topic decided?
- Did the research lead to a change? If yes, what were the key factors?
- Did you document your assumptions for creating change? If yes, how?
- Were other actors/partners involved? How so?
- Did you have a strategy in place that you followed?
- Did you use specific tools or techniques to understand the different actors/stakeholders involved? Those who would support or challenge your research?
- How did you monitor the change that took place?
- How do you know your influence on the change, as opposed to other outside forces?
- If not, have you used a strategy for other advocacy work? If yes, please describe what this looked like.
- If not, how do you feel embarking on this type of work in the future? What are you most excited about and most concerned about?
2. Please describe how you typically disseminate the knowledge generated from research.
- What methods do you use? Example strategy?
- What has been most successful? What has been least successful?
- How do you define your audiences?
- Do you typically write different messages for different audiences?
- Do you work with communication professionals?
- What type of communications products do you think policy makers find most useful? For example:
- Policy briefs
- Opinion articles, News items
- Media, Community radio
- Working groups
- High profile events
- Public pressure
3. To what extent are policies in your field evidence-informed?
- What are some of the factors that determine whether, and to what extent, evidence informs or even influences policy decisions?
- Is demand a necessary condition for the uptake of research?
- Do you think well-conceived and compellingly packaged research findings stimulate the interest of policy makers?
I recently received a holiday greeting from a colleague working in monitoring and evaluation (Kylie Hutchinson of Community Solutions). The poem she wrote is brilliant and I want to share it with you!
It Came From Using a Systems Lens
It came from using a systems lens,
Such insights so glorious – behold!
This program in its entirety,
Is really a part of a whole.
So often when we evaluate,
We think only outputs, outcomes,
And fail to see the complexity,
The system from which it comes.
Consider the interactions,
Within and between system parts,
They help or hinder the outcomes,
Ignoring them isn’t smart.
Look at the interrelationships,
Of policies, patterns, and norms,
These interact with the program,
And impact how it performs.
Three interconnected elements,
Can help show you where to begin,
They’re Boundaries and Relationships,
And Perspectives within.
A deeper look at these elements,
Will open up more leverage points,
If you are looking for system change,
These actions won’t disappoint.
But how to choose what to include?
What’s evaluated or not?
Your framing is quite critical,
Requiring some thought.
Be conscious of what is left out,
Think of the three factors above,
And how they impact your outcomes,
The influences thereof.
Why do we bother with systems?
When logic models are so nice?
Well life is not really linear,
They clearly can’t suffice.
We’re living in a complex world,
Simple answers rarely exist,
It’s only through complexity,
That we can learn what we missed.
And this is a great opportunity to wish friends, family and colleagues a very happy holiday and New Year. I have many blog posts turning in my mind and will work on getting them posted in the near future. Namaste from Kathmandu!
Dave Snowden’s most recent video provides a quick brief in understanding the Cynefin framework he developed.
Some key points to note:
- Cynefin framework – data proceeds the framework rather than the other way around
- The framework helps one identify different systems – ideally you use the appropriate method to deal with different situations
- Complexity domain involves: probe, sense, respond. This results in emergent practice rather than something predefined.
- Ideally, most situations are dealt within complex or complicated methods. This means lots of people, lots of diversity and is noted as a pretty good strategy.
Snowden remarks that bureaucrats tend to work in the simple box, academics/researchers work in the complicated and politicians generally in complexity. This is instructive to keep in mind when working with groups of people that come from these different sectors. From my own work, I know its not easy convincing people to work within the complex domain. Often this requires more facilitation, monitoring and adaptive capacity than the other domains.
I recommend this as a good introduction to Snowden’s Cynefin Framework for those starting down the complex path.